Chandrayaan-2 Final Phase: Historic moment for India as Vikram to land on Moon (चंद्रयान -2 अंतिम चरण: चंद्रमा पर उतरने के लिए विक्रम के रूप में भारत के लिए ऐतिहासिक क्षण) चंद्रयान 2 चंद्रमा मिशन आज रात 1:55 बजे चंद्र सतह पर उतरने वाला है, ओर भारत चंद्रमा के दक्षिणी ध्रुव के सबसे करीब पहुंचने वाला पहला राष्ट्र बनकर इतिहास रचेगा ।
With the rest of the country, Prime Minister Narendra Modi to is enthusiastically waiting for India make history when Chandrayaan-2’s landing module touches down on the Moon in the early hours of September 7.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi Tweet on Chandrayaan 2 Landing
“The moment 130 crore Indians were enthusiastically waiting for is here!” In a few hours from now, the final descent of Chandrayaan – 2 will take place on the Lunar South Pole. India and the rest of the world will yet again see the exemplary prowess of our space scientists.”
The PM Modi will be in Bengaluru at the ISRO center to witness live, landing module Vikram’s attempt to pull off a historical soft landing on the lunar surface. Around 60 students from different parts of the country will be accompanying PM Modi to witness the soft landing live at the Bengaluru center of Indian Space Research Organization [ISRO].
Prime Minister Narendra Modi Tweet
“I am extremely excited to be at the ISRO Centre in Bengaluru to witness the extraordinary moment in the history of India’s space program. Youngsters from different states will also be present to watch those special moments! There would also be youngsters from Bhutan.”
He even mentioned the students, who are going to accompany him at the Bengaluru center of ISRO in his tweet
Prime Minister Narendra Modi Tweet
“The youngsters with whom I will watch the special moments from the ISRO Centre in Bengaluru are those bright minds who won the ISRO Space Quiz on MyGov. The large scale participation in this Quiz showcases the interest of the youth in science and space. This is a great sign!”
Know about Chandrayaan-2’s rover Pragyan
Pragyan is the rover of Chandrayaan-2, a lunar mission developed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Pragyan housed inside the landing module Vikram. A successful landing of lander Vikram with rover Pragyan housed inside will make India the fourth country after USSR, the US and China to achieve a soft landing on the moon. But it will be the first to launch a mission to the unexplored South Pole region of the lunar surface.
In Video: Historic moment for India as Vikram to land on the moon
Illustration of the Pragyan rover of Chandrayaan-2
|Mission type||Lunar rover|
|Mission duration||14 days (planned)|
|Landing mass||27 kg (60 lb)|
|Dimensions||0.9 m (3.0 ft) × 0.75 m (2.5 ft) × 0.85 m (2.8 ft)|
|Power||50 W from solar panels|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||22 July 2019 14:43:12 IST, (09:13:12 UTC)|
|Rocket||GSLV Mk III M1|
|Launch site||SDSC Second launch pad|
|Deployed from||Chandrayaan-2/Vikram lander (planned)|
|Deployment date||7 September 2019 (planned)|
|Landing date||Planned: 7 September, 2019, 01:30 – 02:30 IST (6 September 2019, 20:00-21:00 UTC)|
|Landing site||Between 70.90267°S 22.78110°E and 67.87406°S 18.46947°W on the near side of the Moon|
|Distance covered||500 m (1,600 ft) (planned)|
Understand the main objectives of the Chandrayaan-2 mission
The primary objectives of Chandrayaan-2 are as follow
- To demonstrate the ability to soft-land on the lunar surface and operate a robotic rover on the surface.
- Scientific goals include studies of lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, the lunar exosphere, and signatures of hydroxyl and water ice.
- The orbiter will map the lunar surface and help to prepare 3D maps of it.
- The onboard radar will also map the surface while studying the water ice in the South Polar Region and
Check the timeline of the operation
Chandrayaan-2 mission the historical achievement of ISRO 2019.The moment has arrived for which 130 crore Indians & the entire world is eyeing on. The operation Chandrayaan-2 has 3 phases check the complete details in the table below
- Geocentric phase
- Selenocentric phase
- Vikram lunar landing
|Geocentric phase||22 July 2019 09:13:12 UTC||Launch|
|24 July 2019 09:22 UTC||1st orbit-raising maneuver|
|25 July 2019 19:38 UTC||2nd orbit-raising maneuver|
|29 July 2019 09:42 UTC||3rd orbit-raising maneuver|
|2 August 2019 09:57 UTC||4th orbit-raising maneuver|
|6 August 2019 09:34 UTC||5th orbit-raising maneuver|
|13 August 2019 20:51 UTC||Trans-lunar injection|
|Selenocentric phase||20 August 2019 03:32 UTC|
|Lunar orbit insertion1st lunar|
|21 August 2019 07:20 UTC||2nd lunar bound maneuver|
|28 August 2019 03:34 UTC||3rd lunar bound maneuver|
|30 August 2019 12:48 UTC||4th lunar bound maneuver|
|1 September 2019 12:51 UTC||5th lunar bound maneuver|
|Vikram lunar landing||2 September 2019 7:45 UTC||Vikram separation|
|3 September 2019 3:20 UTC||1st deorbit burn|
|3 September 2019 22:12 UTC||2nd deorbit burn|
|6 September 2019 UTC (planned)||Powered descent|
|6 September 2019 UTC (planned)||Vikram landing|
|7 September 2019 UTC (planned)||Pragyan rover deployment|
Chandrayaan-2: Historic moment for India as Vikram to land on the moon
Prime Minister Modi also encouraged the people across world to watch this historic moment. He tweeted
“I urge you all to watch the special moments of Chandrayaan – 2 descending on to the Lunar South Pole! Do share your photos on social media. I will re-tweet some of them too.”
Lander Vikram with rover Pragyan housed inside is expected to touch down on the surface of the moon on September seven, between 1.30 am and 2.30 am.
A successful soft lunar landing and rover operation will make India fourth country to do so after former USSR, USA and China. The rover will be the southernmost landing mission ever and will land on the near side of the Moon.
“Good luck to the mission and all scientists for the success of mission Chandrayaan-2”
Check the link for the better understanding of the mission: Chandrayaan-2
Mission launch after a week delay: Chandrayaan 2
The Rs 978 crore mission, which was rescheduled after scientists corrected the glitch in the rocket, is launched at 2.43pm from the second launchpad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre, over 100km from Chennai.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) scientists, who aborted the previous launch with 56 minutes left for the countdown to end on July 15, have taken quick remedial action based on an analysis carried out by a team set up to look into the snag and announced the rescheduled launch three days ago. The 20-hour countdown for the launch began at 6.43pm Sunday, ISRO announced.
ISRO says GSLV MK – III GLITCH FIXED, GSLV to carry an orbiter, lander and rover.
Steps of launching:-Chandrayaan 2 launching
- GSLV MK – III LIFTS OFF
- INSERTION IN EARTH ORBIT
- ORBIT EARTH FOR 16
- Transfer to moon trajectory
- 5 day journey to moon orbit
- Lunar orbit insertion
- 27 days of orbiting moon
- Lander Vikram to separate.
- Soft landing on moon
- Rover pragyan to explore moon
Chandrayaan 2 launching
Anatomy of chandrayaan 2 launchers: GSLV MK-III
GSLV MK-III will carry chandrayaan 2 to designated orbit.
GSLV MK-III is3-STAGE VEHICLE, INDIA’S most powerful launcher.
Its capable of launching 4-ton class of satellites.
The giant heavy-lift rocket carrying India’s moon mission Chandrayaan 2 lifted off from its launch pad at Andhra Pradesh’s Sriharikota at 2:43 pm today. India’s space scientists had a narrow one-minute window for their second attempt at launching the moon mission today, a week after the mission was aborted 56 minutes before lift-off.
Chandrayaan is an Indian lunar mission that will boldly go where no country has ever gone before — the Moon’s south polar region. Through this effort, the aim is to improve our understanding of the Moon — discoveries that will benefit India and humanity as a whole. These insights and experiences aimed at a paradigm shift in how lunar expeditions are approached for years to come — propelling further voyages into the farthest frontiers.
Launch of Chandrayaan 2 from Sriharikota